Feast upon the Word Blog

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D&C Lessons 9 and 10

Posted by cherylem on February 25, 2009

As I combined lessons 7 & 8 I will also be combining lessons 9 & 10, taking the full two weeks to teach them.  I’m completing these lesson notes now, using Mack Stirling’s Institute notes and giving some church history during this time period.

D&C 20 – Mack Stirling Institute Notes

“The Constitution” of the Church

• Written by Joseph and Oliver between 1829 and May-June 1830
• Formally received by the membership of the Church June 9, 1830
• Was read aloud at the early conferences of the Church for several years

v. 1-16 Brief overview of the History and Significance of the Restoration

v. 5
How was it manifested to Joseph Smith that he had received a remission of sins? JSH 1:16-17
(Why does the appearance of God to a man imply that that man has received a remission of sins?)

What does it mean to be “entangled in the vanities of the world?” (JSH 1:28-29) See v. 16

v. 6    Who was the angel? JSH 1:30-31
What is the significance of the “whiteness?” righteousness, fruit of the tree of life
v. 10    To whom does this verse refer? See D&C 17:3-6

v. 11-12    What is the significance of the visions to Joseph Smith? See D&C 1:17, 21.  Cf 1 Ne. 10:17-19

v. 13-15    Cf 1 Cor. 6:2; rev. 20:4
Which witnesses are being referred to?
How will they judge the world?
Who will be judged? See v. 13 everyone
See 1 Ne. 14:7, then Alma 41:7. By our response to the Gospel, we judge ourselves.
What are the two options available for those who come to a knowledge of the Gospel? see v. 14-15 we determine what we become by the choices we make.

v. 17-36  Some basic doctrines.

v. 17-18    God exists in heaven and created the earth and man

v. 19, 20    What is idolatry?
Which laws were transgressed to make man fallen?

See Ex. 20:3
Does idolatry have anything to do with the Fall?
How does man become carnal and devilish? See Roman 1:21-23, 25, 28 turning away from God/lapsing into idolatry.
Is man inherently evil? See Alma 42:7-10; Moses 5:6-14; Ether 3:2. No, but the natural man has the disposition to e evil/enemy of God

v. 21-25    Why was the mission of Christ necessary? Because of the fall, the atonement is necessary.

v. 26    How do we know the Gospel was on the earth before the coming of Christ? See D&C 20:9; 1 Cor. 10:1-4; Gal. 3:7; Heb. 4:1-2

v. 28    How are the Father/Son/Holy Ghost one?

v. 29-34    What is justification? To be legally acquitted from sin; to be declared righteous by God – legally righteous
When does it begin? When we are born again we experience a remission of sin.
How does it continue? When we take the sacrament worthily, we retain our remission of sins.
When does it end? When God unconditionally accepts you, at which time your calling and election are made sure. Before this happens, one’s remission of sins is provisional, conditional.
Why is grace necessary? We can’t remit our own sins.
The Holy Ghost is the justifier – is the Holy Sprit of promise (promise of things to come) – ratifies all ordinances.

What is sanctification? Occurs when we are purified/when we have overcome all sin. This is different than being forgiven. When we are sanctified we are filled with grace and truth.
When does it begin? When we are born again.
How does it continue? When we have a mighty change in heart.
When does it end? As we overcome sin, we receive more and more via the Holy Ghost. Having one’s calling and election made sure is very late in the sanctification process.
Why is grace necessary? Because we cannot reach for sanctification on our own.
It is probably impossible to be completely sanctified and remain in mortality.

v. 32    What does it mean to fall from grace? To lose one’s remission of sin, revert to the natural man, revert to idolatry. When we are baptized, we are born again, entering the path of righteousness. We are in a state of grace, which is provisional and conditional – we can fall from this grace.
What does it mean to depart from the “living God?”
How did Joseph Smith know it was possible to fall from grace?
See D&C 20:19, D&C 1:16

v. 37-84 Some church procedure and protocol

v. 37    What are the requirements for baptism? See Mosiah 18:8-10

What does it mean to “manifest by works that they have received the Spirit unto the remission of their sins?

v. 38-59    Duties of the Priesthood Offices

v. 41 What does it mean to be baptized by fire? See 2 Ne. 31:13-14, 17-18

v. 53-55  What is the duty of a “teacher?”

v. 60-67    Regulation of Priesthood offices
How does the complexity of the regulation described here compare with that today?

v. 61  How often were general conferences to be held?
v. 68-84    Duties and regulation of members.
v. 68 How well should converts be taught before baptism? After?
v. 69 What does it mean to walk in holiness (see Alma 5:27)
v. 70 Blessing of children
v. 73 Baptismal prayer
v. 77, 79 Sacrament prayers. Where did these prayers come from? See Mosiah 5:5,8,12; 3 Ne. 18:7-11; Moroni 4:3, 5:2
v. 80 Early allusion to church discipline
v. 84 Early membership records

D&C 21 – Mack Stirling Institute notes

• Received April 6, 1830 at the time of the organization of the Church
• Names of the church
1. Church of Christ     1830-1834
2. The Church of the Latter Day Saints    1834-1838
3. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints  1838

v. 1    What is a seer? See Mosiah 8:13; Mosiah 28:13-16
Apostle: one who is sent
High Priest: Represents man to God

v. 4-6    See DC 5:10
How should we receive the works of Joseph the Prophet?
Why does this require patience and faith?
What are the powers of darkness and how are they dispersed?

v. 7-9    What was Joseph Smith’s primary motivation?  See 2 Nephi 26:29-31
What will God do for those who assist in preaching the Restored Gospel? If we labor in his vineyard, God will bear witness of the words of Joseph Smith.

D&C 22 – Mack Stirling Institute notes

Received April 1830.
What are the “old covenants?”
What is the new and everlasting covenant?
What is the Gospel?
How is it new? (v. 1, 3)
What are the “dead works?”
v. 3  what is “this last covenant?”
Why is baptism necessary?

D&C 23 – Mack Stirling Institute Notes

Received April 1930 for five men

v. 1-2    What was Oliver’s biggest personal challenge?
v. 3    What does this verse allude to about Hyrum and his family?
v. 4    What was Samuel not yet called to do? (Note: he became the first missionary in this dispensation)
v. 6    What does it mean to take up one’s cross? See Matt 16:24-26,Rom. 6:4-6

Section 24 – Mack Stirling Institute Notes

Received July 1830 during a time of intense persecution shortly after the organization of the church.
v. 1-9  Encouragement to Joseph

v. 1  How does this relate to persecution?  How does this verse relate to the Psalms, esp. Psalm 116?

v. 2  Was Joseph Smith perfect?

v. 3-9  How was Joseph to be financially supported?

v. 8    Compare Matt 1:23, Matt 14:27, Matt 28-20

v. 10-12    What can the servants of God boast in? See 2 Cor. 12:9-12; 10:17-18; 11:30; Alma 26:9-14
Why were these words appropriate to Oliver?
To use?

v. 13-19    Some perspectives on preaching the Gospel

v. 13, 14   Compare Mark 16:16-20; Mormon 9:25; D&C 84:64-72
What is the purpose of miracles?
What does it mean to heal the sick against poisonous serpents and deadly poisons?

v. 15-16    Compare Mark 6:11; Acts 13:51; D&C 75:18-22
See Matt 5:44
Should we desire vengeance on our enemies?
What is the purpose of the ordinance of casting off the dust of one’s feet?
v. 19    What does it mean to prune the vineyard? See Jacob 5:64, 70-74

Section 25 – Mack Stirling Institute Notes

To Emma Smith, July 1830 – during difficult times
v. 1    What are the requirements for becoming a son or daughter of God?
v. 2, 10, 15    Which “life” would be preserved?
What is an “inheritance in Zion?” see D&C 76:66
What is the better world? See Ether 12:4
What must we do to be where God is?
v. 4    What had Emma murmured about?
v. 5-12  Emma’s role in the church: fill in the blanks!
v. 5 __________________
v. 6 __________________
v. 7, 8 (!)  ______________

What does it mean that Emma was to be ordained? (note: Emma was the first Relief Society President of the Church)
v. 11-12 Collect hymns
• Done with W. W. Phelps
• 1st collection 1835, 90 hymns (34 by Mormons, 26 by W. W. Phelps)
• 2nd collection 1841, 340 hymns
• 3rd collection in progress 1843-4 but never published
v. 13-16    Other instruction to Emma.
What does this mean: This is my voice unto ALL?

D&C 26

v. 1    How were Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer to prioritize their efforts?
v. 2    What is “common consent?”

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