Feast upon the Word Blog

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BOM #23 and #24, redux

Posted by cherylem on June 28, 2008

From Mack Stirling’s Institute Class, 1995

Alma 8-16 (Lessons 23 and 24)


Historical Matrix:


A.    Alma commanded to return to Ammonihah, after having been cast out, and preach the gospel along with Amulek.

  •        Initial direction given to Alma by the same angel that had converted him many years earlier: Alma 8:14-16
  •        Amulek also directed by an angel in a vision to receive Alma: Alma 8:20


B.    Ammonihah controlled by Nehors and most if its inhabitants were wicked: Alma 8:17; 14:16-18; 15:15


C.    Alma and Amulek taunted by the people of Ammonihah

  •        Who are you? (to Alma) 9:2 à Alma 10:9-10
  •        We suppose you are going to tell us that the earth is going to pass away? 9:2-3 à Isaiah 65:17
  •        Likewise we won’t believe you if you say this great city shall be destroyed in one day. 9:4 à Alma 16:9-10
  •        Who is God? Answer: the One who brought the family of Lehi out of Jerusalem and has preserved them in this land. 9:9-11 (parallels Nephi’s recitation of the original Exodus to Laman and Lemuel when they asked a similar question – 1 Nephi 17:22-23)


D.    Alma calls the city to repent or be destroyed off the face of the earth. Alma 9:12; 10:22-23

  •        Points out that the day of judgment will be more tolerable for Lamanites than Nephites, since the Nephites sin against greater light and knowledge. Alma 9:14-16, 18-20. Compare Matt 11:22.
  •        Compare Alma 9:20 with D&C 93:24


E.    Amulek confirms the testimony of Alma (Alma 10:12) and declares that the wicked lawyers and judges are laying the foundation of the destruction of the people (Alma 10:27).


Note: the pattern of the destruction of Ammonihah exactly foreshadows the later destruction of the entire Nephite nation.


F.     Zeezrom, an expert lawyer, contends with Alma and Amulek but cannot prevail against them.

  •        Alma and Amulek preach great sermons on resurrection, judgment, atonement, and priesthood
  •        Some, including Zeezrom, are converted.


G.    Alma and Amulek cast into prison. Some of the believers become martyrs by fire: Alma 14: 8, 11. Show us a sign: Christ on the cross


H.    Prison collapses. Wicked lawyers, judges, and priests killed by the fall thereof. People flee from Alma and Amulek who leave and establish the Church at Sidon: Alma 14:24-29; Alma 15:12-14). Note Alma 14:24.


I.      Ammonihah destroyed in one day by the Lamanites: Alma 16:2, 9-11. Peace established among the Nephites.




Other historical and biographical points


A.    Zeezrom: Alma 10:31; 11:21-25, 46; 12:7-8; 14:6-7; 15:3-12 (see John 8:33-46)

  •        Expert lawyer, expert in devices of the Devil, had lied to himself
  •        Confounded by Alma and Amulek à fears and trembles
  •        Begins to inquire diligently to learn
  •        Is converted
  •        Becomes physically and spiritually ill because of his sins
  •        Healed by alma and baptized à preached to the people

     To think about: Was Zeezrom an anti-Christ??


B.    Amulek: Alma 8:19-20, 26-30; 10:1-6

  •        Lineage: Joseph-Manasseh à Lehi-Nephi à Aminadi à Giddonah à Amulek
  •        Rich; not wicked but spiritually insensitive

What are the mysteries of God?

What does it mean to be called? To hear? Who are chosen?

Compare Alma 5:7, Mosiah 15:10-12; D&C 121:34-35

“I knew yet I would not know” Alma 10:6

Compare with Zeezrom  Alma 11:24-25, Alma 12:3-6.

   What are the chains of hell?

Do all men “know?” Moroni 7:12-17


C.    Nephite monetary system

  •        Appears to be a system of weights; basic units are equal to a measure of barley (Note: ancient monetary systems in Egypt and Babylon were based on metal weights correlated with fixed amounts of barley
  •        Had changed during the generations to be a completely different system than the one in Jerusalem




Important Doctrines

A.    Nature of God      Alma 11:27-29, 32-33, 35, 39, 44

  •        Christ as the Father – see also Mosiah 15:1-5; D&C 93:1-5, 13-17

1)    Creator  2) Father of our eternal lives  3) Gained the office of the Father

  •        Alma 11:34/Mosiah 15:27/1 Nephi 12:18, 15:30

For God to deny His Word = Justice would be to deny himself

Why? What is justice?


B.    Resurrection    Alma 11:42-45. See also 1 Corinthians 15:42-44

  •        All will experience a physical resurrection, the reversal of the temporal death = spirits united with bodies
  •        What does it mean (v. 45) when it says the resurrected bodies will be “spiritual?”
  •        Resurrection precedes the final judgment


C.    Judgment       Alma 11:41, 44    Alma 12:12-17

  •        Final judgment follows the resurrection of all
  •        How do we know from the Book of Mormon that some judgment occurs before the resurrection?
  •        Who suffers the Second Death = spiritual death = lake of fire and brimstone = everlasting destruction?

See Alma 5:6-7; Mosiah 2:33-39; Mosiah 5:5

  •        What is the awful state in Alma 12:13, 14? See 2 Nephi 9:27, Mosiah 2:40
  •        What does it mean to have the word of God in us? (Alma 32:28-43)


D.    Mysteries of God      Alma 12:9-11    also D&C 63:23, 1 Nephi 10:17-19

  •        What are the mysteries of God?

Why are they mysteries?

How can we learn them? à Compare 1 Nephi 16:28

  •        What is the relationship between the mysteries of God and the word of God?
  •        What happens to those who harden their hearts?
  •        What are the chains of hell? How do they relate to the mysteries of God?


E.    Purpose of Mortality: Probation, a time to prepare to meet God  Alma 12:20-27  (Alma 13:21) (Antionah wanted to know why Cherubim and the flaming sword if we are all going to be immortal.)

  •        We must all die. Why?

Necessary part of God’s plan

If we were to become immortal immediately after knowing good from evil (and becoming sinful), we would be forever miserable and unclean.

  •        We don’t die immediately. Why not?

To give us time and opportunity to repent and prepare to meet God.


F.     God’s method of teaching the Gospel to mankind

  •        Angels from heaven  Alma 12:28-30, Moses 5:4-7
  •        Priests after the Holy Order of the Son of God  Alma 13:1-9; D&C 107:1-5; D&C 67:10-14

Foreordained in the pre-existence (called)

Chosen in mortality because of faith, repentance, good works

Called to teach children of men to bring them into the Rest of God

Priesthood is eternal

May become high priests forever (D&C 76:56-59)


G.    Melchizedek Alma 13:14-19

Genesis 14:18-20                           Alma 13:14-19            2 Enoch 71-72

Psalm 110:4                                   IV Gen 14:25-40         11 Q Melchezidek

Hebrews 7:1-4                                D&C 84:14, 18-20       D&C 107:1-5, 18-20


H.    Sanctification      Alma 13:10-12; Alma 13:28-30. Also see Moroni 7:3, D&C 84:22-24

  • What is sanctification?
  • How is it accomplished?
  • What does “garments washed white in the blood of the Lamb” mean?
  • What is the rest of God?
  • What is hope?  How does it relate to sanctification?
  • How do we gain the ability to repent?

I.      Alma 12:31-37 The Great Summary

Man, innocent in the beginning, breaks the first commandment, thus committing the First Provocation. The First Provocation results in the First Judgment (2 Nephi 9:7), which leads to the First Death. After the First Death, man is given the Second Commandment: To Repent. The second commandment is given during the probationary period, or the light of day. If man accepts the gospel by repenting, he comes under God’s mercy, enters into the Rest of God, and participates in the First Resurrection. If man hardens his heart and refuses to repent, he commits the Second or Last Provocation and comes under Justice (which is the Second or Last Judgment). This leads to the 2nd or last death, and participation in the Second Resurrection.


This explanation says nothing about degrees of glory – that revelation comes much later, with Joseph Smith.



2 Responses to “BOM #23 and #24, redux”

  1. cherylem said

    Okay, I didn’t think this was going to publish, but it did. I think this is showing up in better format than the one I posted earlier. I still can’t do the chart, can’t figure out how to upload a word document (used to be able to do this), and I can’t figure out how to delete a post – I’d like to delete the earlier one. I DID figure out how to delete the earlier post.


  2. cherylem said

    I am reading 13:6 to refer to Christ. Do others read it this way?

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